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Origin of the Name of Zhongguo

Origin of the Name of Zhongguo In ancient China. Guo referred to city or state. Zhonguo (now it means China) meant the central city or the central state. According to historical books. Zhongguo had five connotations: fist. the capital city...

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Alternative Names of China

Alternative Names of China 1. Chixian Shenzhou (the Sacred Earth and Divine Land) In the Chinese historical book Shiji-Biographies of Mencius and Xunqing. there was a man named Yanyan in the Qi State in the Warring States Period (475-221BC...

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Track to Ancient Oriental Civilization

Track to Ancient Oriental Civilization China. along with ancient Egypt. Babylon. and India. is known as one of the four great ancient civilizations of the world. The distinctive culture that arose in China was both far-reaching and highly...

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Chinese waterwheel

As a country built on the basis of agriculture. China has made a great deal of admirable achievements in agronomy-related technologies. Irrigation. as a critical part of agriculture. has witnessed some of the most important inventions. All...

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Iron Hoe

Iron Hoe Unearthed in Huixia County of Central China`s Henan Province in 1950. the iron hoe is 10 centimeters long. 10.5 centimeters wide. and 2 centimeters tall. It was used during the Warring States Period (475-221BC) and is currently co...

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Iron Plow

As part of Chinese intensive and meticulous farming. rice. soybeans and other staples were farmed deliberately in rows very long ago. The cultivation was efficient and adaptable to the use of tools. However. this development was based on t...

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Song Yingxing

Song Yingxing. was born in 1587 in Jiangxi Province. He lived in the latter part of China`s feudal society when commodity economy began to flourish. and agriculture. handicraft industry and traffic on land and water developed rapidly. At t...

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Xu Guangqi

Born in Shanghai. Xu Guangqi (1562-1633) was a famous scientist at the end of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). In 1600. Xu came across Matteo Ricci (1552-1610). who came from Italy. In 1603. two years after meeting Ricci. Xu was baptized a Ch...

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Wheelbarrow

Wheelbarrow The most distinctive characteristic of the wheelbarrow is its single wheel. Theoretically. the center of gravity rule should make the one-wheel cart very easy to overturn; however. the Chinese began to use it to carry weights (...

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Jia Sixie

Jia Sixie. an outstanding agronomist and the author of China`s first agricultural encyclopedia. was one of the leading agronomists in Chinese history. In the late years of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534). he wrote Qimin Yaoshu (Importan...

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