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The Spread of Papermaking

during the second century. China began to produce writing paper with hemp or bark fibers. Later on. technological processes and equipment for papermaking were further developed. Chinese paper and papermaking were first introduced to Vietna...

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The Spread of Printing Technology

China invented the printing technology. and then it spread to many countries. Japan was the first country to develop the printing technology after China. In the year 8. Japan began to use engraved block printing to publish Buddhist literat...

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The Invention of Printing Technology

The Invention of Printing Technology---A Need for Cultural Spread From the Qin dynasty (221-206BC). Chinese characters developed rapidly. A book titled Shuowen Jiezi that was written in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220)contained 9.353 chara...

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Brush and Ink

It goes without saying that the brush and ink are the essential tools for printing . Before caving board. it is needed to use brush to write manuscript. Ink itself was not only a material for writing but also a pigment for printing. Oracle...

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Paper Money

Paper Money Paper money was a by-product of Chinese block printing. Although the production of paper money started in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). it did not become institutionalized as a governmental policy until the Song Dynasty (960-1279...

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Cai Lun

Cai Lun was a Chinese eunuch who greatly reformed the art of papermaking. He was born in Guiyang (of today Hunan Province of Central China) during the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220). and became a paperwork secretary; he was also assigned to...

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Bi Sheng

Somewhere between 1045 and 1058. Bi Sheng. who lived in China`s capital of Bianliang during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127). invented the moveable type. He invented it on the basis of reforming the engraving type. At first he sawed wo...

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Chinese Sculpture

Ancient Chinese people living along the Yellow and Yangtze rivers began to make pottery and clay figures towards the end of the Primitive Society about 6000 to 4000 years ago. In 1975 a beautifully shaped pottery eagle tripod (Fig.3-1) was...

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Han Dynasty and the "Silk Road"

Han Dynasty and the ``Silk Road`` Liu Bang established the powerful Han Dynasty in 206 BC. During the Han Dynasty. agriculture. handicrafts and commerce flourished. and the population reached 50 million. During his reign (140-87 BC). the m...

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Modern Period (1840-1919)

During the early 19th century. the Qing Dynasty declined rapidly. Britain smuggled large quantities of opium into China. making the Qing government impose a ban on the drug. In an effort to protect its opium trade. Britain launched a war o...

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